Seite wählen

The Egyptian Gazette of May 9, 1929 carried the text of an agreement on the long-discussed issue of the use of Nile waters. The agreement, which, on the one hand, recognizes that Sudan needs more explanation for its action, the Prime Minister told the London Times correspondent in Cairo: „As an Egyptian, I believe that the Agreement on the waters of the Nile fully and fully protects Egypt`s rights. If I had any fear that this agreement would deprive Egypt of any right it had so far, or if I had anticipated any fair assertion that it might make in the future, I would not have signed it. I have consulted with engineers of the highest quality, technical and otherwise, and I am convinced that the agreement represents the Egyptian view on the waters of the Nile. When the League of Nations requested a statement from the British and Italian authorities, they challenged the questioning of Ethiopia`s sovereignty over Lake Tana. [9] Despite this, there was no explicit mechanism for implementing the agreement. A reliable and self-imposed mechanism, capable of protecting the property rights of each interest group, is essential if the principle of sustainable international water development is to be applied economically and environmentally. Finally, I would like to remind Your Excellency that Her Majesty`s Government in the United Kingdom has already recognized Egypt`s natural and historical rights in the waters of the Nile. I would like to stress that Her Majesty`s Government in the United Kingdom regards respect for these rights as a fundamental principle of British policy and sends to His Excellency the most positive assurances that this principle and the detailed provisions of this agreement will be respected at all times and under all conditions that may occur. Both the 1929 and 1959 agreements caused discontent in other Nile states and demands to amend the pact rejected by Egypt.

„To the British government: the British government has already started negotiations with the Ethiopian government on its proposal and we had imagined that the negotiations with us would have been concluded, whether this proposal came into force or not; we never thought that the British government would reach an agreement with another government on our sea. The interim agreement, negotiated by the US Treasury Secretary and the President of the World Bank, is not very detailed, says Emmanuel Igunza of the BBC. Egyptian, Ethiopian and Sudanese leaders met in the Sudanese capital, Khartoum, on Monday 23 March 2015 to sign an agreement to resolve various problems arising from Ethiopia`s decision to establish a dam on the Blue Nile. The Khartoum Declaration, signed by the heads of state of the three countries, Abdel Fattah al-Sisi (Egypt), Omar al-Bashir (Sudan) and Halemariam Desalegn (Ethiopia), was described as a „Nile Agreement“ that contributes to the resolution of conflicts over the shared use of Nile waters. This view is misleading, however, because, as far as we know, the agreement deals only with the project of the Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERDP) of the Blue Nile and does not address the broader, always controversial issues of the common use of Nile waters among all the riparian states. The new agreement failed to resolve the dispute over the fair, fair and reasonable allocation and use of Nile waters. It should be recalled that on 28 February 1922, Great Britain recognized Egypt as an independent sovereign state, with the caveat that certain matters „should remain at the discretion of Her Majesty`s Government until it may be possible, through free discussion and friendly agreements between both parties, to conclude agreements on this subject between Her Majesty`s Government and the Egyptian Government.“ Sudan — the „black country,“ a vast region in southern Egypt, between the 22nd and fifth parallels — was the subject of the fourth of these reservations.