In this system, a sharecropper might imagine that his interest was not so much to make efforts to distribute the total share between him and his owner, but rather to be encouraged to deceive the last part of his legitimate share. This is partly explained by the relative state of the Métayer`s distress and the fixed duration of his mandate – without which sharecropping could not prosper. In Arthur Young`s time, French sharecroppers were „removable at will and obliged to adapt in all things to the will of their masters of work, and they remained so in general.  In Italy and France, it has been called mezzadria and sharecropping or halving, i.e. halving land production between landowners and landowners. The halving does not imply equal quantities of products, but a distribution by appointment. The products were divisible in certain proportions, which obviously had to vary according to the different fertility of the soil and other circumstances, and which were so different in practice that the owner`s share was sometimes up to two-thirds, sometimes up to a third. Sometimes the owner provided all the livestock, sometimes only a part – livestock and seeds perhaps while the farmer provided the equipment; or maybe only half the seeds and half the livestock, with the farmer finding the other halves. This is how the instrumentum fundi of Roman law was summarized in the Sharecropper.  Taxes paid in full by either or jointly by both have often been apportions. Most of the Treaties of Métayage were abolished in France and in the world at the beginning of the twentieth century. The remaining „sharecropping“ is still well-established farms and vineyards, but they are recognized by governments as different types of contractual agreements. The Metayage[a] system is the management of land for an owner by someone who receives a portion of the proceeds as a kind of sharecropping.
Another category of land rentals in France is called rentage[ fr], the rent being paid annually in banknotes. A farm operated under Métayage was known as Métairie, which originally used some place names in areas where the system was used, such as the farm, in Louisiana. Sharecropping agreements can be advantageous for both parties, such as a form of rental farming or „Sharefarming“ that has a variable rent that is paid a posteriori. There are three different types of contracts. First, workers can rent land to the owner for a certain amount and keep the entire harvest. Secondly, the workers work in the countryside and earn a fixed salary from the owner of the land, but keep nothing from the harvest. After all, the workers can neither pay nor be paid by the owner of the land, but the worker and the owner of the land each keep a share of the harvest. In a wine contract, the tenant pays money to the lessor in return for the land; not in a sharecropping agreement….